技术文章 > c#操作word表格

c#操作word表格

2018-10-19 23:00

文档管理软件,文档管理系统,知识管理系统,档案管理系统的技术资料:
对word中表格的操作,以下是部分代码,关于操作不规则表格的.
[code]
csharp
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.SessionState;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Configuration;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices ;
using System.Threading;

class ExampleOfLegalsoft
{
public void MakeMyTable(DataTable DT, string strFilePath)
{

string strEnd = this.txtEnd.Text.Trim().ToString();
string strStart = this.txtStart.Text.Trim().ToString();
//生成文档分页中的起始和终止页
string strSign = "(" + strStart + "-" + strEnd + ")";
//杀掉所有word进程以保证速度
//KillWordProcess();
object Nothing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
object missing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
object filename = strFilePath;
Word.Application wordApp = new Word.ApplicationClass();
Word.Document wordDoc = wordApp.Documents.Add(ref Nothing, ref Nothing, ref Nothing, ref Nothing);
try
{
//生成过程中屏蔽返回按扭,不允许中途停止
Button2.Enabled = false;
#region 生成文档
//设置文档宽度
wordApp.Selection.PageSetup.LeftMargin = wordApp.CentimetersToPoints(float.Parse("2"));
wordApp.ActiveWindow.ActivePane.HorizontalPercentScrolled = 11;
wordApp.Selection.PageSetup.RightMargin = wordApp.CentimetersToPoints(float.Parse("2"));
Object start = Type.Missing;
Object end = Type.Missing;
Object unit = Type.Missing;
Object count = Type.Missing;
wordDoc.Range(ref start, ref end).Delete(ref unit, ref count);

object rng = Type.Missing;
string strInfo = this.txtNameCh.Text.ToString() + "明细表" + strSign + "\r\n";
start = 0;
end = 0;
wordDoc.Range(ref start, ref end).InsertBefore(strInfo);
wordDoc.Range(ref start, ref end).Font.Name = "Verdana";
wordDoc.Range(ref start, ref end).Font.Size = 20;
wordDoc.Range(ref start, ref end).ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphCenter;
start = 8;
end = strInfo.Length;
wordDoc.Range(ref start, ref end).InsertParagraphAfter();//插入回车
if (DT.Rows.Count > 0)
{
//存在数据项
//添加一个表格
object missingValue = Type.Missing;
object location = strInfo.Length; //注:若location超过已有字符的长度将会出错。一定要比"明细表"串多一个字符
Word.Range rng2 = wordDoc.Range(ref location, ref location);
wordDoc.Tables.Add(rng2, 13, 6, ref missingValue, ref missingValue);
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Rows.HeightRule = Word.WdRowHeightRule.wdRowHeightAtLeast;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Rows.Height = wordApp.CentimetersToPoints(float.Parse("0.8"));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Range.Font.Size = 10;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Range.Font.Name = "宋体";
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphCenter;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Range.Cells.VerticalAlignment = Word.WdCellVerticalAlignment.wdCellAlignVerticalCenter;
//设置表格样式
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderLeft).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderLeft).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderLeft).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;

wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderTop).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderTop).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderTop).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderBottom).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderBottom).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderBottom).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderHorizontal).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderHorizontal).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderHorizontal).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderVertical).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderVertical).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderVertical).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;

wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderRight).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderRight).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderRight).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;
// wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderDiagonalDown).LineStyle = Word.WdLineStyle.wdLineStyleSingle;
// wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderDiagonalDown).LineWidth = Word.WdLineWidth.wdLineWidth050pt;
// wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Borders.Item(Word.WdBorderType.wdBorderDiagonalDown).Color = Word.WdColor.wdColorAutomatic;
//第一行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 4).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 5));
//第二行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(2, 5).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(2, 6));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 4).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(2, 5));
#region 插入数据行
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 1).Range.Text = "cell11";
//wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(1, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["cell11"].ToString();

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(1, 3).Range.Text = "cell13";
//wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(1, 4).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["cell13"].ToString();

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(2, 1).Range.Text = "cell21";
//wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(2, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["cell21"].ToString();

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(2, 3).Range.Text = "cell23";
//wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(2, 4).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["cell23"].ToString();
#endregion

#region 第三行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(3, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(3, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(3, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(3, 3));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(3, 1).Range.Text = "cell31";



////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(3, 3).Range.Text = "cell33";

#endregion

#region 第五行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 3));
#endregion

#region 第四行显示
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(4, 1).Range.Text = "cell41";


////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(4, 3).Range.Text = "cell43";


////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(4, 5).Range.Text = "cell45";

#endregion

#region 第六行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 3));

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 1).Range.Text = "cell51";

wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(5, 2).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft;

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 1).Range.Text = "cdll61";

wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(6, 2).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft;
#endregion

#region 第七行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 3));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 1).Range.Text = "cell71";

wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(7, 2).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft;
#endregion

#region 第八行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 1).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 2));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 3));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 2).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(8, 3));

#endregion

#region 第九行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(9, 1).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(9, 2));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(9, 3).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(9, 4));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(9, 1).Range.Text = "cell91";
//wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(9, 2).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["cell91"].ToString()=="1"?"有":"无");

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(9, 3).Range.Text = "cell93";

#endregion

#region 第十行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(10, 1).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(10, 2));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(10, 3).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(10, 4));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(10, 1).Range.Text = "cell101";


////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(10, 3).Range.Text = "cdll103";
//wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(10, 4).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["Label"].ToString()=="1"?"有":"无");
#endregion

#region 第十一行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(11, 1).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(11, 2));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(11, 3).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(11, 4));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(11, 1).Range.Text = "cell111";


////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(11, 3).Range.Text = "cell113";

#endregion

#region 第十二行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(12, 1).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(12, 2));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(12, 3).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(12, 4));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(12, 1).Range.Text = "cell121";

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(12, 3).Range.Text = "cell123";
#endregion

#region 第十三行显示
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(13, 1).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(13, 2));
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(13, 3).Merge(wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(13, 4));
////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(13, 1).Range.Text = "cell131";

////******************
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Cell(13, 3).Range.Text = "cell133";

#endregion
wordDoc.Tables.Item(1).Select();
wordApp.Application.Selection.Cut();
//重新成声所有表


for (int i = 0; i <= DT.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
wordApp.Application.Selection.Paste();
int k = i + 1;
#region 更新数据

#region 插入数据行

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(1, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["1"].ToString();

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(1, 4).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["2"].ToString();

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(2, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["3"].ToString();

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(2, 4).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["4"].ToString();
#endregion

#region 第三行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(3, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["5"].ToString();
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(3, 4).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["6"].ToString();
#endregion

#region 第五行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(5, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["7"].ToString();
wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(5, 2).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft;
#endregion
#region 第四行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(4, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["8"].ToString();

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(4, 4).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["9"].ToString();

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(4, 6).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["0"].ToString();
#endregion

#region 第六行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(6, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["11"].ToString();
wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(6, 2).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft;
#endregion

#region 第七行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(7, 2).Range.Text = DT.Rows[i]["12"].ToString();
wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(7, 2).Range.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = Word.WdParagraphAlignment.wdAlignParagraphLeft;
#endregion

#region 第八行显示
////******************

string strTechlevel = DT.Rows[i]["Level"].ToString();
string returnTechlevel = "";
switch (strTechlevel)
{
case "1":
returnTechlevel = "Level1";
break;
case "2":
returnTechlevel = "Level2";
break;
case "3":
returnTechlevel = "Level3";
break;
case "0":
returnTechlevel = "Level4";
break;
default:
returnTechlevel = "Level5";
break;
}
wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(8, 2).Range.Text = returnTechlevel;
#endregion

#region 第九行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(9, 2).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["14"].ToString() == "1" ? "有" : "无");

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(9, 4).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["15"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");
#endregion

#region 第十行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(10, 2).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["16"].ToString() == "1" ? "有" : "无");

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(10, 4).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["17"].ToString() == "1" ? "有" : "无");
#endregion

#region 第十一行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(11, 2).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["18"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");

////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(11, 4).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["19"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");
#endregion

#region 第十二行显示
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(12, 2).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["20"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(12, 4).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["21"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");
#endregion

#region 第十三行显示


wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(13, 2).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["22"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");
////******************

wordDoc.Tables.Item(k).Cell(13, 4).Range.Text = (DT.Rows[i]["23"].ToString() == "1" ? "是" : "否");
#endregion
#endregion
//插入分页
if (i != DT.Rows.Count - 1)
{
object mymissing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
object myunit = Word.WdUnits.wdStory;
wordApp.Selection.EndKey(ref myunit, ref mymissing);
object pBreak = (int)Word.WdBreakType.wdPageBreak;
wordApp.Selection.InsertBreak(ref pBreak);
}
}

wordDoc.SaveAs(ref filename, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing);


wordDoc.Close(ref Nothing, ref Nothing, ref Nothing);
wordApp.Quit(ref Nothing, ref Nothing, ref Nothing);
if (wordDoc != null)
{
System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(wordDoc);
wordDoc = null;
}
if (wordApp != null)
{
System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(wordApp);
wordApp = null;
}
GC.Collect();
//KillWordProcess();
string strUrl = "MakeWordFile.aspx?username=" + Request.QueryString["username"].ToString();
utility.ShowPopMessage("文档生成完毕!", strUrl);
}
else
{
utility.ShowPopMessage("无任何数据!");
}
#endregion

}
catch
{
wordDoc.Close(ref Nothing, ref Nothing, ref Nothing);
wordApp.Quit(ref Nothing, ref Nothing, ref Nothing);
if (wordDoc != null)
{
System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(wordDoc);
wordDoc = null;
}
if (wordApp != null)
{
System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.ReleaseComObject(wordApp);
wordApp = null;
}
GC.Collect();
utility.ShowPopMessage("文档生成失败!");
}
}
}
[/code]